Task2 - Education >> Second Language Acquisition

"Second Language Acquisition"

It is easier for children to acquire a second language than adults.

Do you agree?

The successful acquisition of a second language is a challenge facing many individuals in the world today. Globalization has meant that the learning of an additional language has almost become a necessity. Some people hold the view that children are able to learn second languages more easily than adults, while others contend that there is no distinction between the learning abilities of the young and old.

The learning of a second language is a natural process for young children. It is believed that for children who have been raised in a supportive environment, a vocabulary of 2000 words is possible by the age of 4. Children are excellent language learners because they acquire and consolidate language learning from experience. Children learn language through play and exploration, and they build their language via an experiential process. A similar method is available to children when becoming bilingual. This learning process is very effective for second languages.

However, the same theories can also be applied to adult learners. If adults are able to study a second language in a similar way to a child, it is thought that they will have greater success. This means that adults need to experience the language as opposed to learning through text books or in classrooms that are often virtual situations. The benefits of this learning style are supported by linguists who believe that new vocabulary cannot be memorized unless it has been used in real life situations at least 8 times.

To summarize, in my opinion both children and adults have the innate ability to acquire a second language. If adults can apply a more experiential learning style to their second language acquisition, they can have successes that are similar to that of children.