Task2 - Ethics >> Globalization & Culture

"Globalization & Culture"

TASK 2 MODEL

Globalization is a one way process by which rich and powerful countries influence the culture of less powerful countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree? How can less powerful countries gain more influence on the world stage?

Our world is becoming smaller every day. Countries are globalizing through financial, educational, and governmental cooperation. However, globalization also brings with it a major drawback for developing countries. As third world countries globalize, they also adopt some of the cultural characteristics of powerful Western countries. This can be very destructive for the important cultural traditions of less developed nations.

When we talk about cultural exports from developed countries to developing countries perhaps the best example is the popular culture of Hollywood. The slick production techniques, distribution networks and glamorized movie stars overwhelm the film industries of less economically powerful nations. The result is traditional cultures are being lost and forgotten under the imposing presence of Hollywood glitz. Unfortunately, these movies often serve to glamorize wealth, consumerism and violence as opposed to the more important traditional values indigenous cultures.

The second area where globalization influences the culture of less powerful countries is through the use of language. Globalization can only be enabled through a common language, and the current first language is English. It is important to remember that language contains culture. Because of this, the culture of English speaking countries is being exported because globalized countries communicate in English. At the same time, the culture embedded in non English speaking countries is eroded as their local languages become less pertinent.

To counter the above adverse impacts of globalization less influential countries need to conserve their culture and language. This can be done by ensuring that governments support the continued use of indigenous language along with the language of globalization. In addition, local cultures can be supported by governments who subsidize important community arts projects of cultural significance. These protective measures are necessary to ensure that the cultures of weaker countries are not deconstructed by the process of globalization.