Task1 - Grammar >> T1 Comparative Language

"T1 Comparative Language"

Comparative language for Task 1 responses

A good response to IELTS Academic Task 1 questions will include range of comparisons. Task 1 questions always contain the following directions:

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

There are various grammatical structures available in English for writers wishing to express differences and similarities. The following graphic provides data that can be described through comparative language structures.

  • The first and perhaps the simplest comparative structure involves adjective plus "er" plus than (adjective+er+than).

"The number of female deaths from flu was greater than the number of male deaths."

  • With three syllabal adjectives and some 2 syllabal adjectives more or less is used to create the comparison.

"The number of female deaths from flu was more significant than the number of male fatalities." (more+adjective+than)

Or

"The number of male deaths from flu was less significant than the number of female deaths." (less+adjective+than)

  • Comparisons can also be created using the structure not plus as plus adjective plus as.

"The number of male deaths from flu was not as substantial as the number of female deaths." (not+as+adjective+as)

  • A comparison of equality (which does not exist in the data above) can also be created without the negative.

"The number of male deaths from flu was as significant as the number of female deaths." (as+adjective+as)

  • Conjunctions can be used to demonstrate difference grammatically. "But" functions as a coordinating conjunction.

"The number of male deaths from flu was significant, but the number of female deaths was even greater."

  • "While" and "although" function as subordinating conjunctions.

"While the number of male deaths from flu was high, the number of female deaths was even higher."

  • "However" is an additional tool that enables the construct of comparison in English. "However" is used as a sentence connector.

"The number of male deaths from flu was significant. However, the number of female deaths from influenza was even more substantial.

The following vocabulary is also useful. Be careful to include the correct preposition.

Nouns- difference between

variance between

disparity between

"There was a significant difference between the number of male flu deaths and the number of female flu deaths."

"There was a significant variance between the number of male flu deaths and the number of female flu deaths."

"There was a significant disparity between the number of male flu deaths and the number of female flu deaths."

Verbs- differs from

varies from

"The number of female flu deaths differs significantly from the number of male flu deaths"

"The number of female flu deaths varies greatly from the number of male flu deaths."

Adjective- different to

"The number of male deaths is significantly different to the number of female deaths from influenza."

  • In addition, it is useful to have some vocabulary that describes similarity. "Likewise" and "similar" can be used to perform this function (please note the following sentences are not true to the data presented in the graphic).

"The number of flu deaths for males was similar to the number of flu deaths for females."

"The number of flu deaths for males was significant at 2. Likewise, the number of female deaths from flu was also substantial at 2.

Remember if you can use a variety of comparative structures, say three or four, you will achieve a better score for your Task 1 writing.