In today's rapidly expanding cities space is becoming more restricted.
What problems can this cause?
What possible solutions exist?
The pace of urbanization is breathtaking. An increasing number of rural people are migrating to urban areas all around the world. This has resulted in the modern day phenomenon of the megacity. Unfortunately, another consequence of this trend is overcrowding in cities which causes significant social problems.
Highly dense populations in cities present many challenges for inhabitants. The first, and most obvious, is traffic congestion. As cities become overpopulated, transport infrastructure struggles to cope. In fact, many urban planners fail to provide the necessary transport facilities to support a growing metropolis. The solution to this dilemma involves forward thinking from local governments. The administrators need to give consideration to estimates of the number of future citizens before they proceed with the building of roads and bridges.
Perhaps the most significant social issue related to the density of urban areas is crime. As cities grow, employment opportunities must be provided. However, in many of the world's biggest cities, unemployment is at dangerous levels. This can lead to criminal activity. For example, when young people cannot find work, they may turn to theft to support their city lifestyles.
To conclude, the provision of quality infrastructure and employment opportunities is necessary to ameliorate the negative impacts of the expanding metropolis. The responsibility for dealing with the problems and providing these solutions rests with local governments. To alleviate many of the difficulties related to the expansion of urban areas, city planners must have a good understanding of the impacts of growth on their cities.