Task2 - Infrastructure >> Urbanization & Decentralization

"Urbanization & Decentralization"

"The best solution to the problems created by urbanization is the decentralization of populations."

To what extent do you agree?

The twentieth century brought with it the expansion of huge urban populations. Megacities now exist in many countries around the world. This phenomenon has created significant challenges for the administrators of these cities. While some people believe the best solution for these problems is a process of decentralization, others contend that large cities can function effectively with better governance.

It is true that we need good solutions to the problems related to increasing populations in the world's cities. As cities grow, they put increasing pressure on infrastructure, and local governments are responsible for providing the systems that allow a city to function. For example, city administration must provide transport, water and communications infrastructure for the people of urban areas. When cities grow exponentially, the necessity for better, more effective facilities and services also increases. Fortunately, this is possible with foresight and planning so that the city can expand with its growing population. Governments need good city planners, that are well financed, so that the urban infrastructure can properly service a city's people.

There is an alternative which is the encouragment of population growth in rural areas. By providing employment and housing in the country, governments can entice city people to live in less densely populated areas. For example, industrial parks existing in smaller satellite cities outside of major metropolitan areas provide employment opportunities that ultimately attract urban citizens to rural areas. In addition, quality infrastructure and cheaper housing enables the migration of city people to the country. Binh Duong new city is a great example of such a strategy.

To conclude, decentralizing our city populations is an important part of government responsibility, particularly, when urban infrastructure is under considerable stress from substantial increases in the number of urban inhabitants.