Task2 - Environment >> International Solutions to Global Warming

"International Solutions to Global Warming"

Scientists from around the world agree that global warming must be ameliorated. However, many countries are reluctant to embrace environmentally friendly practices.

Why are some countries slow to change?

What can be done to facilitate better international cooperation on environmental issues?

There is consensus amongst the world's scientific community in terms of the environmental crisis facing the world today. Scientists agree that the greatest challenge for humanity is ameliorating global warming. However, whilst there is agreement in scientific circles, many politicians are delaying action. There are reasons for this delay, but, to deal with the problems, governments must cooperate.

The administrators of countries around the world have been slow to adopt practices that protect our fragile environment. There are two main reasons for this. Firstly, some economies are carbon intensive. That is, the economic activity in these nations is dependent on the burning of fossil fuels. The Australian economy is a case in point. Economic activity in this country relies on the indiscriminate exploitation of fossil fuel. In Australia, it will require substantial political will and courage to alter the current economic course. Secondly, agreements must be made between countries in relation to limiting their greenhouse emissions. This can be problematic considering the majority of the current greenhouse gas pollution has been created by developed Western economies. Less developed, emerging countries claim that their share of the responsibility for the current environmental crisis is minimal in comparison to more developed nations. They believe that the industrialized economies of Europe and America have been polluting the air for more than 100 years now. Consequently, third world countries believe that the first world should bear the lion's share of responsibility for cleaning it up. Consequently, they are less willing to cooperate to find a solution.

To enable cooperation and action, governments must take a long term view. Our administrators need to remember that there is no economy without a healthy environment. Developed and developing countries need to accept the reality of climate change and work together for a cleaner and greener future.